Pdf heating value of refuse derived fuel amrita bhatnagar. The process presented in this datasheet addresses the opportunity afforded by the use of rdf production and its use as a coal substitute. A refusederived fuel system separates combustible wastes from noncombustibles such as glass and metal before burning. Its use is fully in line with the approach encouraged by the authorities of reducing the amount of fossil fuel in the energy mix. Renewable energy from gasification of refuse derived fuel epr doc.
The standard takes a riskbased approach and aims to provide clarity to industry and the broader community on the issues that need to be addressed to demonstrate the suitability of both the production and the use of rdf, including. Blockages may also be caused by large inerts in rdf, such as stones, glass, or metallic parts. Cocombustion of refusederived and packagingderived fuels. Energy recovery of used materials can be performed as mixed municipal solid waste msw incineration or as fuel recovery for cocombustion. In the eu, refuse derived fuel is often used in the cement kiln industry. Vreugdenhil 2010 reports that bridging in the feeding line was the main cause that resulted in abandoning pure refuse derived fuel rdf feeding in circulated fbgs. Characterization and classification of refuse derived fuel in the materials recovery facility of epana s. Refuse derived fuel rdf production system mion ventoltermica has longterm experience in the field of design, construction and installation of systems for the production of refuse derived fuel rdf from municipal solid waste. Waste to energy the use of refuse derived fuel rdf is part and parcel of todays regulated waste disposal. Production lines of refusederived fuels from msw consist of several major subprocesses. Many calorific wastes are referred to as refuse derived fuel rdf. A mass burn system uses all the refuse, without prior treatment or preparation. Characterization and classification of refuse derived fuel. Refuse derived fuel rdf by shaptratna industries limited.
A system that can achieve this objective is organics refuse derived fuel rdf production line. Selected waste and byproducts with recoverable calorific value can be used as fuels in a cement kiln, replacing a portion of conventional fossil fuels, like. Refuse derived fuel for power plants ferrous metal separator at a glance. Apr 11, 2018 as rapidly increasing demand for electricity day by day refuse derived fuel acts as an alternative source for the production of energy. Rdf is a great substitute for fossil fuels like coal or oil. While rdf is obtained from the msw processing, densified refuse derived fuel drdf is the product of extrusion or rolling of rdf to produce briquettes, pellets, etc.
Sulfur is included in the ultimate analysis of rdf. Some wellknown alternative fuels include biodiesel, bioalcohol methanol, ethanol, butane, refuse derived fuel, chemically stored electricity batteries and fuel cells, hydrogen, nonfossil methane, nonfossil natural gas, vegetable oil, propane and other biomass sources. The processed municipal solid waste or rdf, is commonly used in fluidized bed combustors as the rdf has the advantages of low moisture content, higher calorific value, high storage capacity due to its compact size, easy. Standard test method for gross calorific value of refuse derived fuel by the bomb. Problem definition 365 fuel produced from solid waste is generally referred to as rdf from refuse derived fuel. Refuse derived fuel rdf is a fuel produced from various types of waste such as municipal solid waste msw, industrial waste or commercial waste the world business council for sustainable development provides a definition. Refusederived fuel an overview sciencedirect topics. Collecting materials which can be economically and practicably recycled and making use of the combustible residual waste as a potential source of fuel makes. Refusederived fuel rdf is a fuel produced by shredding and dehydrating solid waste msw with a waste converter technology.
Other terms are used for msw derived fuels such as recovered fuel ref, packaging derived fuel pdf, paper and plastic. Characterization and classification of refuse derived fuel in. Refusederive fuel is obtain from municipal waste and it is one of the alternative fuels. This revenue, in turn, depends on the heating value of the fuel produced. The resulting fuel is used in powerplants, either as a replacement for coal or as an additional fuel. Combustion characteristics of refuse derived fuel rdf in. Resource recovery systems have been, and are being, developed as environmentally acceptable solutions for solid waste disposal. Reasons for trends in english refuse derived fuel exports.
A fuel auger can convey the solids into a hopper, at the bottom of which is the ram feeder. In order to overcome those problems refuse derived fuel rdf is one of the best options. In this case, a ramtype feeder can be effective in forcing them into the gasifier. Reasons for trends in english refuse derived fuel exports since 2010 1 1 introduction this report is in response to a desire by the department for environment, food and rural affairs defra and the environment agency to know what factors were behind the sudden emergence and growth of the market for refuse derived fuel rdf from. Recovered fuels are refuse derived fuel rdf which is mechanically separated and processed from msw, as well as packaging derived fuel pdf which is the. It is basically a method of preprocessing the waste in order to use it as a. Recovered fuels are refusederived fuel rdf, which is mechanically separated and processed from msw, and packagingderived fuel pdf, which is the sourceseparated, processed, dry combustable part of msw. Processing of refuse derived fuels rdfplants from waste to valuable secondary products.
The production of rdf refusederived fuel from municipal solid waste involves two main aspects. Article refuse derived fuel, current practice and perspectives. Rdf is a fuel produced by shredding and dehydrating solid waste. Compared to landfilling, the lower carbon emissions resulting from this approach to processing waste far outweigh the emissions associated with transporting the reclaimed fuel. Untitled document summary i objectives the objectives of the project were to undertake a survey on the current practices of production and use of refuse derived fuel rdf i. In the eu, refusederived fuel is often used in the cement kiln industry. It is largely made up of combustible components of municipal waste such as plastics and biodegradable wastes that are processed to obtain a product with a high calorific value. In an rdf plant, various mixed or presorted waste streams are shredded, screened and separated to generate refuse derived fuels for all kinds of applications. Refuse derived fuel rdf is one of the options to extract the energy from the combustible material in the waste. Jan 17, 2017 pelletization of municipal solid waste involves the processes of segregating, crushing, mixing high and low heat value organic waste material and solidifying it to produce fuel pellets or briquettes, also referred to as refuse derived fuel rdf or process engineered fuel pef. The profitability of this type of fuel is debatable, and the method of combustion must be clean in order to reduce air pollution during combustion.
Pdf refuse derived fuel to electricity ganesh raja. India is presently dealing with the problem of waste management the waste is either composed, land filled, recycled or converted to some form of energy but we have another option called as resource. Refuse derived fuel rdfrdf5 according to astm guidelines derived from municipal solid waste and other waste materials, has been prepared as a fuel. Refusederived fuel rdf is a fuel produced from various types of waste such as municipal solid waste msw, industrial waste or commercial waste the world business council for sustainable development provides a definition. As well as it also help to reduse landfill area where the municipal solid waste is dumped. Nbsir822491 testproceduresforthe determinationofthegross calorificvalueofrefuseand refuse derived fuelof kilogramsizesamplesusing constantpressureflow calorimeter. Refuse derived fuel rdf production system mvtplant. For refuse derived fuels, there exists definitively little information in terms of fuel characteristics in comparison to biomass.
Refusederivedfuel samples using constant pressure flow. Pyrolysis kinetics of refusederived fuel pdf free download. Therefore, for any such proposed project it is important to develop a high degree of confidence in the projection of fuel revenue. Refuse derive fuel is obtain from municipal waste and it is one of the alternative fuels. Panagiotis vounatsos, georgios koufodimos, michalis agraniotis, konstantinos roufos, charalambos eleftheriadis, panagiotis grammelis, emmanuel kakaras chemical process and energy resources institute centre for research and technology hellas. Produced from recovered waste, srf solid recovered fuel or rdf refuse derived fuel is a highyield source of energy for producing heat and electricity, as well as being an interesting waste disposal alternative. Refuse derived fuel an overview sciencedirect topics. Greenhouse gas systems for landfill and refuse derived fuel rdf analysis executive summary the purpose of this greenhouse gas systems analysis is to develop, analyze, and compare the estimated greenhouse gas ghg emissions from different potential municipal solid waste msw management scenarios for dakota county county. As its name refuse derived fuel suggests it is a type of fuel derived by the processed waste. Refuse derived fuel rdf export refuse derived fuel rdf export will continue to play a vital role and provide uk waste producers with a cost effective, nonlandfill option taking advantage of the spare capacity available in europe until the uk catches up and develops more domestic wastefuelled power generation capacity of its own. A process diagram for a typical rdf combustor is shown in figure 2. Refuse derived fuel, current practice and perspectives european. Residual household waste household waste, bulky waste, residual industrial and commercial waste householdtype ommerc cial wase, t productionspecific commercial waste, construction waste, sorting residues, etc. This fact sheet summarises the findings for refuse derived fuel rdf.
Using a selective treatment process, fractions high in calorific value are separated off from commercial and industrial waste, creating a marketable product. Processed fuel is delivered to a dualscrew metering bin located adjacent to and elevated above the fluidizedbed combustor or gasifier. Pyrolysis kinetics of refuse derived fuel fuel processing technology 60 z1999. Astm e711 pdf find the most uptodate version of astm e at engineering astm e. Refuse derived fuel, current practice and perspectives. Cement works and heating plants are the major users. Andritz plants for the production of refuse derived fuels rdf contact us. Energy systems for refusederived and solidrecovered fuels our bubbling fluidized bed and advanced staged gasification technologies are ideally suited to challenging fuel sources due to their superior operating characteristics and emissions performance outotecs unique solution for thermal oxidation of. Municipal solid waste msw contains noncombustible items such as metals.
How do i prevent harm to the environment and human. Rdf consists largely of combustible components of municipal waste such as plastics and biodegradable. Refuse derived fuel pellets as a renewable energy source ipcbee. Solid recovered fuel srf is a highquality alternative to fossil fuel produced from mainly commercial waste including paper, card, wood, textiles and plastic. Combustor sizes range from 290 to 1,300 mgday 320 to 1,400 tpd. Refuse derived fuel rdfrdf5 according to astm guidelines derived from municipal solid waste and other waste materials, has been prepared as a fuel source for power plants in japan. Refusederived fuel system waste management britannica. Refuse derived fuel rdf is a fuel produced from unrecoverable materials of municipal solid waste msw.
In order to overcome those problems refusederived fuel rdf is one of the best options. Refuse derived fuel free download as powerpoint presentation. Komptech has a burning interest in refusederived fuels, and komptech products are at home in all major process steps for making rdf. Greenhouse gas systems for landfill and refuse derived. Combustion characteristics of refuse derived fuel rdf in a. Wastederived fuel an overview sciencedirect topics. Duties of the industrial units located within one hundred km from the refused derived fuel and waste to energy plants based on solid waste state that all industrial units using fuel and located within one. Greenhouse gas systems for landfill and refuse derived fuel. Pdf refuse derived fuel to electricity researchgate. Other articles where refusederived fuel system is discussed.
The waste is made into refuse derived fuel and burned in the states of hidalgo and puebla. Heating value of refuse derived fuel columbia university. The germans first burned tyres a replacement for fossil fuels in the 1950s, kickstarting a movement to create so called alternative fuels. Renewable energy from gasification refuse derived fuel. It is the process of converting waste into useful energy. Refuse derived fuel municipal solid waste incineration. More detailed descriptions of these different combustor technologies. Background typically, the production of a com bustible fraction i. Refuse derived fuel rdf exports have enabled uk waste producers to divert their residual waste from landfill and convert it into energy at european plants. Recovered fuels are refuse derived fuel rdf, which is mechanically separated and processed from msw, and packaging derived fuel pdf, which is the sourceseparated, processed, dry combustable part of msw. As rapidly increasing demand for electricity day by day refuse derived fuel acts as an alternative source for the production of energy. Refuse derived fuel rdf is a broadranging term that can be applied to any fuel derived through the processing of residual waste, so it can be used either in a wastetoenergy process or as a substitute for fossil fuels in other industrial thermal systems such as cement kilns. Guidelines on usage of refuse derived fuel in various. But as the fuel compositional quality and type of fuels vary.
A fourth type, fluidizedbed combustors fbcs, is less common and can be considered a subset of the rdf technology. Processing of refuse derived fuels rdfplants definition processing municipal, industrial and bulky waste, construction refuse and. Refuse derived fuel is used to generate energy at recovery facilities, many of them in europe where they produce electricity and hot water for communal heating systems. Refuse derived fuel combustors burn processed waste that varies from shredded waste to finely divided fuel suitable for cofiring with pulverized coal. Refuse derived fuel rdf is at times too fibrous or sticky to be handled by any of the aforementioned feeders. Recovered fuels are refusederived fuel rdf, which is mechanically separated and processed from msw, and packagingderived fuel pdf, which is the. The combustible fraction recovered from mixed msw has been given the name refusederived fuel, or simply rdf. These systems are highly innovative and technologicallyadvanced. Refusederived fuel rdf is a fuel produced from various types of waste such as municipal. Generally, drdf is a fuel for combustion or cocombustion in grate and fixedbed reactors, while pulverized rdf finds more useful applications in fluid bed reactors. Refuse derived fuel, pelletisation, calorific value, thermal. Rdf consists largely of the combustible components in municipal waste such as plastics and biodegradable waste and has a lower calorific value then solid recovered fuel. Cocombustion of refusederived and packagingderived.276 264 1224 1289 1377 122 1463 485 933 1319 160 1318 312 1498 1181 528 1470 70 1390 1463 732 908 1246 1263 1161 477 1401 64 583 43 98 1335 51 227 1382 272 278 179 423